It may take some time to enjoy the juicy pears, but If you’ve ever had this experience, consider me jealous, but in a good way. It is healthy and thriving well with my other Asian Pears. Easy to grow, heavy bearing small tree. Kakunosuke had passed … China, Korea, and Japan are the main commercial exporters of the fruit, but it’s also grown in the United States in California, Oregon, and Washington, thanks to those early immigrants. ‘20th Century,’ aka ‘Nijisseiki,’ is highly popular for its abundance of incredibly juicy fruit and ornamental, multi-season interest. Transfer them to a freezer bag, and voila! If you have deer or moose in your area, it’s time to learn how to keep the large herbivores away from your precious Asian pear trees. Fruit tends to ripen in early August. the early 1900s and the original tree was designated a national monument in They ripen on the tree and maintain a crisp, juicy texture. Fruits may be harvested any time between August and October, depending on the cultivar you’re growing. Use organic mulch such as straw or wood chips so that the material can add nutrients to the soil as it decomposes. You can find trees available from Nature Hills Nursery. Century are alternaria black spot, fire Each hole will need to be the same depth as the root ball and twice as wide. many of the Asian pear varieties. Backfill the hole with two parts native soil and one part well-rotted compost or manure, and water deeply. Although it is self-fertile, this type delivers a larger crop when planted in close proximity to another cultivar that blooms at the same time. Pear trees should be trained and pruned in a similar fashion as apples. Cold-hardy. In warm areas, use a light-colored mulch to help keep the roots cool. ‘Shinseiki,’ which translates to “new century,” is a cross between two popular varieties: ‘20th Century’ and ‘Chojuro.’ When ripe – usually sometime in August – this mid-size fruit is bright yellow and extremely crunchy. Botanically, it is a true pear. The primary issues with 20 th Century are alternaria black spot, fire blight and codling moth. Keep young trees moderately moist and train Although self-fruiting to an Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Estimated chill requirement: 300 to 400 hrs below 45°F. This pear tree has delicious, firm, crisp and very juicy pears. Trees reach mature dimensions of 12 to 18-feet-tall with a spread of 12 to 15 feet. Early to mid-August in Central Calif. full sun and situated in well-draining soil. Grow The Most Popular Asian Pear!Everything about this tree is great. Estimated Chilling Requirement 300-400 hours below ... Pollenized by Shinko, Chojuro, Bartlett or 20th Century. Bloom Season within fruit type(see note) early midseason. living in what was then, Yatsuhshira in Japan. Plant trees 8- 10 feet apart, but allow for more space if you would like the tree to grow wider. The oval, pointed leaves turn an attractive red to orange when cold Asian pears are either round with greenish-yellow skin, round with bronze skin, or pear-shaped with green or brown skin, depending on the cultivar you are growing. You can also prune the tops of the branches farthest away from the trunk, as those produce fruit that’s less sweet and often smaller. Some of these links may be affiliate in nature, meaning we earn small commissions if items are purchased. If you happen to spot eggs or larvae before they do too much damage, you can try releasing moth egg parasites (Trichogramma spp. In Japanese, ‘Hosui’ means “abundant juice” or “much water,” depending on the translation. But I also learned how to keep the pests out of my apple orchard, which you can learn more about in our guide to keeping moose out of your yard. High in Vitamins C and K, and rich in fiber, the crisp fruits are often sliced and added to salads, baked into pies, and enjoyed as snacks. The first thing you need to do before you bring your trees home in the spring or fall is to select the perfect location. Just remember to eat them within six months. The plant does have an Achilles heel but, with good care, it surpasses You’ll still get a decent harvest, but your tree will remain a manageable size. I don’t take any chances with Cervids. 20th Century Asian pear trees have a long storage life and You can learn more about how to harvest pears in our guide. Like apples, they ripen on the tree and have a crisp, firm texture, but they have juicy, white flesh with the flavor and fragrance of pears. You get the idea: this is a large, extra-juicy cultivar. Planting a P. pyrifolia alongside a European variety can also encourage more honeybees flock to both trees, as they’re typically more attracted to European varieties. To set fruit, these deciduous trees require around 300-500 chill hours at temperatures lower than 45°F each winter, which isn’t too hard to achieve even in the warmer climates of Zone 8 or 9. Some cultivars, such as ‘Shinseiki,’ ‘20th Century,’ and ‘Tennosui,’ are self-pollinating. As for fertilizing, you only need to make sure the tree receives fertilizer once a year: as soon as the soil is workable in the spring. Give it a thorough soaking at the base, and let the top inch of soil dry out before you water again. Here is more about what we do. In addition, trim some of the branches nearest to the trunk to encourage them to produce blossoms. Fruit Asian Pear 20th Century 20th Century Asian Pear. Keep the soil moist until your area’s first wintertime freeze, especially in the sapling’s first few years of growth. This is because seeds don’t grow into exact replicas of their parent trees. Another way to prevent infestation is to space the fruits far enough apart so they aren’t touching, thinning them to one pear every four to six inches on any given branch. Sign up for our newsletter. Requires 400 chill hours. pears for those of us that don’t live in warm regions. A good keeper, fruits store well for up to five months in cold storage at 31°F. Although it grows well in warmer locations, keep in mind you won’t get a good harvest with fewer than 300 chill hours. Cervids, whether they’re moose or deer, won’t hesitate to devour your tree whether it’s got fruit on it or not. As a freelance writer, she contributes to several websites and blogs across the web. First, make sure you have enough space. Lay the slices on a greased cookie sheet. A large round yellow fruit that stores well. They'll make a fabulous, energetic hedgerow. If so, then it’s harvest time! It is round, yellow-skinned, easily bruised, but stores well up to six months. The New Century Asian Pear is my favorite for making Asian Pear Jam. To keep the tree healthy, prune away diseased, broken, or injured branches during its winter dormancy period. many fungal issues makes them especially great for gardeners in cooler, wetter If you’d rather freeze your pears to puree later for smoothies or baking, you can do that too. It is not known what the tree’s Self-fruitful or pollenized by Shinseiki, Bartlett, or other pear or Asian pear. See our TOS for more details. 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Because grafting takes skill and special equipment, the best way to plant an Asian pear tree is to purchase two varieties from a nursery or gardening store and find a perfect area to plant them together. With its round apple shape and juicy-sweet butterscotch flavor, this variety is the one most commonly found in grocery stores (when you can find them!). Simply add a balanced 10-10-10 (NPK) fertilizer to give the plant a boost. Despite some cultivars producing fruit reminiscent of an apple, the Asian pear is not a hybrid with this fruit. BONIDE® All Seasons Horticultural Spray Oil. It spreads easily and can kill entire trees. extent, planting two more compatible varieties nearby can help increase 20th Century Pear is a large tree that is commonly grown for its edible qualities. Plus, it’s nice to have the option to move it from one place to another, especially if you live in Zones 8 or 9, where you have to make sure to keep your tree cool in the summertime. 20th Century is a widely adaptable variety. The 20th Century Asian pear tree produces the unique apple pear. Pruning: Prune trees by about half when planting to encourage vigorous and compact growth. Shinseiki pears can be grown in zones 5 through 9 and may tolerate temperatures as cold as -20 degrees Fahrenheit (-29 Celsius), especially if grafted to a hardy rootstock. I love it because I prefer firm and crisp varieties of this fruit, and if that’s your preference, you will too. fruit to avoid stressing the branches and get larger, healthier pears. The 20th Century Asian pear tree requires a different pear variety for pollination. 450 hrs. Resistant to pear leaf spot. If you are growing your Asian pear in a container, you’ll want to prune it to remain about five to six feet tall – essentially turning it into a fruit-bearing shrub rather than a fully dwarf-sized fruit tree. The recipe calls for ‘Bosc’ pears, which you can easily substitute with sliced P. pyrifolia. produce fairly large, sweet, crisp fruits that became one of the premier pears Pairings that work well together for pollination purposes are: Asian pears can also cross-pollinate with European pears. We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products. Approximately 2 to 3 weeks after bloom, shake the branches of the tree to force any fruit that has stopped developing to drop. Place the root ball inside the hole and make sure the crown of the tree is level with the surface of the soil. If you have a sweet tooth, you could also use some of your crop to make this heavenly pear sorbet with ginger-infused maple syrup, also from Foodal. Although it is self-fertile, this type delivers a larger crop when planted in close proximity to another cultivar that blooms at the same time. They’ll retain that irresistible crisp texture and flavor. The attractive mid-sized fruit is bright yellow with a hint of rosy blush, and it has a crisp texture and mild flavor. This Asian pear’s skin is a beautiful yellow-green color. Product photos via Arbico Organics, Burpee, Home Depot, Nature Hills Nursery, and Plantskydd. Like apples, each fruit contains five seeds. Harvest Season within fruit type. Its popularity was at its peak in temperatures approach. Take it far away to be burned or dispose of it in the trash. The 20th Century Asian Pear has large ugly dark marks that occur in different locations on only some of the leaves. Are you ready to find out how to grow and care for your own Asian pear trees? 20th Century Asian Pear Asian pear '20th Century' A self-fruitful, deciduous ornamental tree that produces small, golden-yellow, round pears. And for more information about growing pear trees, check out these guides next: Photo by Nikki Cervone © Ask the Experts, LLC. (coming soon!). By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. Once the tree blossoms and begins fruiting in the spring, thin the fruits to one pear every four to six inches on any given branch. With a mild flavor and coarse texture, this is the fruit for those of us who love firm pears with a hint of rose flavor. There are two major plant pests to watch for when you’re growing Asian pears. Keeps well. You can find bare root ‘Hosui’ trees available at Burpee. Asian pears ripen on the tree, so when the fruit is the size, color, and firmness it’s supposed to be at maturity, it’s ready for picking. 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