Muslims, in their prayers, turn toward Mecca, whatever direction that may be. Orientation, however, varies according to religious and practical considerations. The horizontal division of a plan cuts primarily through walls, not floors. In Mesopotamia and Egypt, as well as in pre-Columbian Central America, the important features of the buildings, such as entrances and passages, faced east, in … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. Jun 21, 2019 - MOZSES - Art direction in architecture - Visual communication - digital visualization In Vector Views, materials are represented using patterns. Orientation, (from Latin oriens, orientum, “the rising sun”), in architecture, the position of a building in relation to an east-west axis. 3. © 1946 Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Honor Society Vertical gives a feeling of balance, formality and alertness. To rotate a material's pattern. The sun is regular in its course; it favours the southern and neglects the northern exposures of buildings in the Northern Hemisphere,…, …to such fundamental matters as orientation, proportion, scale, articulation, and balance.…, Architecture, the art and technique of designing and building, as distinguished from the skills associated with construction. Accordingly, mosques are oriented so that the mihrab, or prayer niche, faces Mecca. Architecture - Architecture - Religious architecture: The history of architecture is concerned more with religious buildings than with any other type, because in most past cultures the universal and exalted appeal of religion made the church or temple the most expressive, the most permanent, and the most influential building in any community. The Green House: New Directions in Sustainable Architecture [Stang, Alanna, Hawthorne, Christopher] on Amazon.com. In early Christian churches, architects commonly oriented churches to the west, such as in the basilica of Old St. Peter’s in Rome. American Scientist (ISSN 0003-0996) is an illustrated bimonthly magazine about science and technology. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions Since the outbreak of the civil war in march 2011, millions of Syrians have fled their homes heading to an unknown future. https://www.britannica.com/technology/orientation-architecture. 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