Many studies have sought to determine risk factors … 2020 Oct 28;9(11):3477. doi: 10.3390/jcm9113477. Anesthetic and Postoperative Analgesic Drugs. Difference in Risk Factors for Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting Anesthesiology (January 2003) Cardiac Arrest during Hospitalization for Delivery in the United States, 1998–2011 Some risk factors were predictive of both nausea and vomiting (female gender, nonsmoking status, and general anesthesia). Thus, even when accounting for covariates, the two outcomes remained strongly dependent on each other (i.e. Factors considered to have a possible effect on the risk of experiencing PONV (nausea and/or vomiting) included age, female gender, body mass index (BMI), nonsmoking status, history of migraine, motion sickness and PONV, type of anesthesia (general or locoregional), and type and duration of surgery (> 100 min or not). 32–34Nausea is a subjective sensation requiring activation of neural pathways, which eventually project to areas of the cerebral hemispheres dealing with conscious sensations. Overall, however, the type of surgery was significantly associated with nausea but not with vomiting, except for urological procedures (P = 0.037). The inhalational agents are variably associated with postoperative nausea and vomiting, and nitrous oxide … Nausea and vomiting were recorded as two different end points, using a quantitative analysis. Background: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common complication after total hip/knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA) that affects patient satisfaction and postoperative recovery. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2001; 45: 160–6, Tramèr M, Moore A, McQuay H: Propofol anesthesia and post-operative nausea and vomiting: Quantitative systematic review of randomized controlled studies. Our study pointed out that BMI and history of PONV or motion sickness had no predictive value for the occurrence of nausea and vomiting when accounting for the other factors. Motion, including transportation on a stretcher during the recovery phase, can precipitate nausea. Yingjie Wang Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Peking Union Medical College … Vomiting was recorded as either present or absent by direct observation, by spontaneous complaint at the time of face-to-face interview with the patient every 4 h. The times and number of vomiting and retching episodes were recorded. Among the 671 patients in the study, 126 (19%) reported one or more episodes of nausea, and 66 patients (10%) suffered one or more emetic episodes during the studied period. Opioids were antagonized in six patients (1.2%) using naloxone. 34Nausea is not always followed by retching or vomiting. More than 25% of the patients had a history of PONV, motion sickness, or migraine. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2000; 44: 470–4, Apfel CC, Kranke P, Eberhart LHJ, Roos A, Roewer N: Comparison of predictive models for postoperative nausea and vomiting. Eur J Anaesth 1992; 9(suppl 6): 25–31, Andrews PLR: Towards an understanding of the mechanism of PONV, The Effective Management of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting. Anesthesiology 2003; 98:46–52 doi: Patients were familiarized with a 10-cm VAS device for pain (0 = no pain; 10 = worst imaginable pain) and nausea (0 = no nausea at all, 10 = worst imaginable nausea) assessment. 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