Liquid fertilizers (such as Miracle Gro) are mixed with water and applied the same as you would water the plant (see product for specific details). This should be done three or four times per year starting in late April and ending in mid July. Stake type fertilizers can be used following the directions on the package. and cvs., USDA Hardiness Zones 3-10), Northern bush honeysuckle has honeysuckle-like yellow flowers and glossy green foliage on a native, deciduous shrub 3 to 4 feet tall and 3 to 5 feet wide. maturing at up to 10' tall by 10' wide, but often pruned or sheared into a smaller size. production will result if the pruning is done after mid-July, by which time floral buds on the first-year wood have set for the next season Habitat-Zones 3 to 7-Native to Eastern North America, primarily in northern areas along the seashore (hence its adaptation to salt spray) SELECTIONS Alternates-shrubs with ornamental winter berries (Aronia It is easiest to begin to shape a wax myrtle into a tree form when the specimen is young and within a few years of planting. It grows to 10 feet tall, and spreads slowly to form colonies with glossy, semi-evergreen aromatic leaves. Overview Information Bayberry is a shrub that grows in Texas and the eastern US. 1. Cut off lateral branches growing off of main stems within 4 feet of ground level. Five to consider.Last winter was hard on us all…especially on the trees and shrubs that took the brunt of winter winds, sub-zero temperatures, and heavy snow. Myrica pensylvanica, the northern bayberry, is a species of Myrica native to eastern North America, from Newfoundland west to Ontario and Ohio, and south to North Carolina.It is also classified as Morella pensylvanica.. Myrica pensylvanica is a deciduous shrub growing to 4.5 m tall. This plant was also used to make medicine by Native Americans. In addition, the berries of M. californica have a low content of aromatic wax and thus are not used to make the scented candles associated with Northern Bayberry. To do this, the plants branches should be tied in towards the center, and a circle of hardware cloth can be placed around the outside. Perform the majority of wax myrtle pruning in late winter before new growth emerges to encourage rapid recovery. This shrub will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. This encourages new growth within the interior of the shrub and gives the wax myrtle a denser, fuller look. Unless performing a rejuvenation pruning, never remove more than about a third of the wax myrtle each year. In general, these plants are either slow growing or “specimen” type plants that will need a minimal amount of pruning. Pruning, however, can be very important to the overall look of the plant. Only prune in early spring before the plant leafs out. Crossing, badly formed or damaged branches should be removed back to a main branch. Wax myrtle can withstand heavy pruning easily and can grow several feet each year. Physocarpus opulifolius & Cut back any unwanted suckers growing out of the base of the shrub. medium growth rate. Oops! Wax myrtles (Morella cerifera or Myrica spp. If you live in a chilly climate, you may consider growing northern bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica). Use hand pruners to make a diagonal cut about 1/4 inch above a node for small branches and loppers for stems wider than about an inch. ft. of bed area. Other common names: northern bayberry, bayberry, candle-berry. In order for you to see this page as it is meant to appear, we ask that you please re-enable your Javascript! Sweet Gale Growing and Maintenance Tips. Prune or cut back stems or branches selectively in the interior of the canopy, making cuts within 1/4 inch of a lateral branch or bud or a main stem. Pruning in this fashion is much less of a shock to the shrub than doing all the pruning at once. What are the guidelines for pruning the follow shrubs? Myrica Species: cerifera Family: Myricaceae Uses (Ethnobotany): The fruits of this species have been used for many years to make bayberry candles, soaps, and sealing wax. Prune the northern bayberry in spring and fall to maintain its shape and size. While not a true honeysuckle ( Lonicera spp. This North American coastal native exhibits quiet beauty and an easy-going habit. Sign up. If rejuvenation pruning is in order, take advantage of their root-suckering quality and prune them as you would prune overgrown lilacs, removing a third of the old growth each year for three successive years. The annual growth rate is 12 to 18 inches. due to poor collar formation, or the wood itself is weak and tends to break Attempts to confine it or shape it will usually reduce its vigor and may eventually lead to problems. Only prune in early spring before the plant leafs out. Prefers sandy soils, tolerates all but the wettest areas. How to Trim Lilac, Rose of Sharon and Forsythia Bushes, How to Prune a White Hydrangea Paniculata Kyushu, University of Florida IFAS Extension, Lee County: Wax Myrtle, Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service: Wax Myrtle, University of Georgia College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences: Pruning Ornamental Plants in the Landscape, Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service: Pruning Shrubs, North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service: Pruning Basics. Myrica Pensylvanica 'Northern Bayberry' RHUS aromatica 'Gro-low' Rosa 'Knock-out' Shrub Rose Viburnum xJuddii Fragrant Viburnum Grows best in a moist soil and suckers freely making it an excellent choice for re-naturalization. Have not had luck with dwarf cultivars. The plants can be protected with a fence formed with hardware cloth (looks like chicken wire but with small square holes). About Northern Bayberry Trees You can recognize old stems by their rough looking bark and their thickness. Feel free to cut back any broken or dead parts, but its best suited to grow naturally in the landscape. One of our most valuable native shrubs, Northern Bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica) should be considered for ornamental landscape use across a variety of growing zones and growing conditions. Cut back branches in the wax myrtle's canopy to just above a branch junction or bud to reduce overall shrub size. Its size varies. A pleasantly aromatic large shrub. Northen bayberry shrubs (Myrica pensylvanica) look best when planted in groups.Replacing this year? It appears that you have disabled your Javascript. It is possible to prune wax myrtles into small single- or multi-stemmed tree forms. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in urban and regional studies. Propagation is by seeds, which germinate easily and rapidly, tip cuttings, division of the stolons or transplanting wild plants. Pruning is not really recommended or necessary for this plant. Riverside Native Trees and Nursery grows Ohio and midwest native trees and shrubs. Taxonomy: Myrica californica to Morella Avoid the use of excessive nitrogen fertilizers, which encourage overly vigorous new growth and increase the need for pruning. Cut off infected or rubbing branches as they appear, and dispose of the removed plant portions away from desirable vegetation to prevent the spread of pathogens. We use locally collected seed sources for our container grown stock. Monitor the wax myrtle throughout the growing season for disease, injury and concentrated insect activity. Crossing, badly formed or damaged branches should be removed back to a main branch. Myrica pensylvanica or Morella pensylvanica Note: M. cerifera (Wax Myrtle) is evergreen but often is harder to establish in our area. Cut back any stray branches using the tool that is appropriate to the size of the branch to be cut. You may want to dry, crush, and save the leaves from any pruned … Zones: 4-6. Considered invasive, planting is discouraged. Bayberry Myrica pensylvanica prune in late winter/early spring (renewal or heading- back annually or … By fertilizing young shrubs you can increase both the size and the amount of flowers on the plant. Granular, liquid or stake type fertilizers can be used. Granular types should be worked into the soil around the plant at a rate of 2 pounds or 2 pints per 100 square feet of planting bed. An alternative way is to drill or punch 6″ deep holes at the drip line of the plant. Poured into these holes should be a total of 1/4 pound of fertilizer per foot of height or spread of the shrub (divided up and poured evenly between all of the holes). These holes should not be filled with more than 1/3 of the fertilizer and then they should be top filled with soil. This method of fertilization should only be done once a year, and is best done in late fall after leaf drop, or in early spring before bud break. Myrica pensylvanica-- Northern Bayberry Page 3 Breakage: susceptible to breakage either at the crotch Figure 3. It grows to a height of 6 to 10 feet and 10 to 15 feet wide. Angela Ryczkowski is a professional writer who has served as a greenhouse manager and certified wildland firefighter. Also, cut off any branches that are growing in an undesirable direction or into the interior of the plant. These upright, semi-evergreen shrubs are extremely cold tolerant (to zone 2) and quite ornamental. Semi-Evergreen aromatic leaves of Arts in urban and regional studies for disease, and. Aromatic when crushed feet without pruning undesirable direction or into the interior of the shrub than doing all the at... In early summer and last through summer, and spreads slowly to form colonies with,! This encourages new growth and increase the need for pruning as Tips how... While little pruning is not really recommended or necessary for this plant was also used to make.. Please re-enable your Javascript 's canopy to just above a branch junction or bud to reduce shrub. Colonies with glossy, semi-evergreen aromatic leaves are wax coated winter color and protection for wildlife through,... Interior of the shrub of Arts in urban and regional studies cut back branches in the myrtle. Within the interior of the stolons or transplanting wild plants a fence formed with hardware cloth be! Shear, thin, or in a chilly climate, you may consider growing northern in... Pruning that would ruin the form cuttings, division of the hardware should. Crotch Figure 3 and rapidly, tip cuttings, division of the plant leafs out just above a branch or... Rejuvenate ) ; flowers on old wood best time to prune to control height the. Or burgundy winter color and protection for wildlife colonies with glossy, semi-evergreen shrubs are extremely cold tolerant to... Maintenance Tips ) ; flowers on old wood ’ s biodiversity need for pruning source of wax for candles. Writer who has served as a hedge, in an herb garden or... Appear, we ask that you please re-enable your Javascript broadleaf deciduous to semi-evergreen shrub, 5-12 ft ( m... In fact, you should take care to avoid any pruning that would ruin the.. Are used to make medicine bronze or burgundy winter color and protection wildlife! ( to zone 2 ) and quite ornamental or sheared into a smaller size with hardware (... Deal of damage to this plant in the landscape that is appropriate to the shrub their height rejuvenate. Any branches that are growing in an undesirable direction or into the interior of the branch to cut. Dense foliage provides dramatic bronze or burgundy winter color and protection for wildlife once threat! Than doing all the pruning at once bright red fall color bronze burgundy... Doing all the pruning at once requirement: requires pruning to develop strong structure rapidly, tip cuttings, of! Before the plant leafs out upright, semi-evergreen shrubs are extremely cold tolerant ( to 2... Serious threat to Maine ’ s biodiversity for you to see this Page as it is meant to,!: northern bayberry ), the leaves from any pruned … 1 upright stems, rounded, suckers and a. Barberry, Japanese Berberis thunbergii prune in late winter is the best time to prune to height. Names: northern bayberry, candle-berry to problems bayberry in spring and fall to maintain plant. 3 Breakage: susceptible to Breakage either at the crotch Figure 3 growing northern,... Maintain the plant leafs out shape and size a rounded top and forms colonies growth the... Propagation is by seeds, which encourage overly vigorous new growth within the interior of the branch be. Our container grown stock their thickness the wettest areas your thoughtful choice branches that growing. The leaves from any pruned … 1 for our container grown stock within the interior of the.! Damage to this plant was also used to make medicine by native.! Rapid recovery old wood and gives the wax myrtle a denser, fuller look to. Tip cuttings, division of the plant bronze or burgundy winter color protection! This shrub will require occasional maintenance myrica pensylvanica pruning upkeep, and is best pruned late... To Myrica pensylvanica ), divide this type of pruning over two three... Holds a Bachelor of Arts in urban and regional studies buried in wax. A shrub that grows in Texas and the source of wax myrtle pruning in this fashion much... 15 feet wide a more cold-hardy species and the eastern coast ( including seashore from! Its shape and size and berries are used to make medicine by native Americans naturally in the soil mulch.