", In 1945, philosopher Karl Popper attributed the paradox to Plato's defense of "benevolent despotism" and defined it in The Open Society and Its Enemies.[1]. and A.L. Thus, tolerant group members face being ostracized for their toleration by intolerant members of their in-group, or, in the alternative, being rewarded for demonstrating their out-group intolerance to intolerant members of their in-group. But we should claim the right to suppress them if necessary even by force; for it may easily turn out that they are not prepared to meet us on the level of rational argument, but begin by denouncing all argument; they may forbid their followers to listen to rational argument, because it is deceptive, and teach them to answer arguments by the use of their fists or pistols. Karl Popper described it as the seemingly paradoxical idea that "in order to maintain a tolerant society, the society must be intolerant of intolerance. The paradox of tolerance states that if a society is tolerant without limit, its ability to be tolerant is eventually seized or destroyed by the intolerant. In light of recent violence associated with public speeches and rallies by social conservatives and/or white supremacists in America, something known as the Paradox of Tolerance in decision theory is being frequently invoked.Let’s explore what it is, how it is being used, and how – with just a little cognitive effort – it falls apart. There is a degree of misunderstanding regarding the tolerance paradox, since Popper is not always quoted in full. [citation needed] The chapter in question explicitly defines the context to that of political institutions and the democratic process, and rejects the notion of "the will of the people" having valid meaning outside of those institutions. He claims that most minority religious groups who are the beneficiaries of tolerance are themselves intolerant, at least in some respects. — In this formulation, I do not imply, for instance, that we should always suppress the utterance of intolerant philosophies; as long as we can counter them by rational argument and keep them in check by public opinion, suppression would certainly be unwise. Apr 16th 2018. by S.N. The tolerance paradox arises from the problem that a tolerant person is antagonistic toward intolerance, hence intolerant of it. In other words, the tolerant person is indeed intolerant, at least when it comes to intolerance, hence the paradox.∼ Continue Reading ∼ Nathan: As for tolerance, it is subject to this paradox: that a society cannot be tolerant without being intolerant of intolerance. So you think you’re tolerant: the paradox of tolerance. His writings provide a lens under which to examine many of the … Definition (2) A paradox whereby free speech is banned in the name of tolerance. This is his 1945 statement: Less well known is the paradox of tolerance: Unlimited tolerance must lead to the disappearance of tolerance. To see why, imagine a society where 95% of the population is highly tolerant both of […] Some on the right use similar logic to the "everyone is racist" argument, stating that because no one can be perfectly tolerant, the concept of tolerance is tenuous to begin with, and this gives them free reign to oppress groups that don't align with their ideal society — namely women and ethnic minorities (this becomes especially true in the case of white nationalists). Rosenfeld points out that the Western European democracies and the US have opposite approaches to the question of tolerance of hate speech, in that where most Western European nations place legal penalties on the circulation of extremely intolerant or fringe political materials (e.g. The "paradox of tolerance" admonishes us that tolerance of the intolerant leads to intolerance.3 Accordingly, it seems contradictory ... meaning of free speech as "an evolutionary process with three basic stages" (pp. But we should claim the right to suppress them if necessary even by force; for it may easily turn out that they are not prepared to meet us on the level of rational argument, but begin by denouncing all argument; they may forbid their followers to listen to rational argument, because it is deceptive, and teach them to answer arguments by the use of their fists or pistols. 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